Germany has a country area of 357,019 square kilometers. The population growth recorded in 2011 is 81,471,844. The projection by the World Bank states the German population to decline in 2015 and become 80.3 million. Germany has an average density in population which records a figure of 230 per sq. Germany is the most densely populated state of the European Union. The three cities of Germany: – Berlin, Bremen and Hamburg are considered to be very populated. Apart from that the most populous state in the west is North Rhine with 18.03 million. In the south, the most populated state is Bavaria which has a population of 12.49 million. The population in the parts which were the former East Germany has always remained to be below the national average. The overall statistics about Germany reveals that there are 84 large cities which has a population of over 100000. The birth rate of Germany is one of the lowest when compared to other countries in the world. The birth rate is 1.3 per family in Germany. In 1972 a negative population growth was registered. An increase was seen in the years through to 1989, but was mainly due to immigration. 2000 saw a decrease in immigrants, which effected the population rate. 13.3 percent of the German population is from below the age group of 14. The population of the mass in Germany which is in between the age groups of 15 to 64 is 66.1 percent and the other population age percentage is 20.6 percent for ages from 65 and over.